Bijan Norouz Space Habitat – BNSH

To safely execute the human-exploration missions currently being proposed by Bijan Norouz, the design of space habitats requires a fundamentally disruptive approach – one that relies not only on traditional subsystem reliability engineering and probabilistic risk analysis, but on emergent technologies in autonomous systems, failure-tolerant design, human/automation teaming, dense sensor populations, data science, machine learning, robotic maintenance, and on-board manufacturing.

Accordingly, the vision for the proposed Bijan Norouz for Space Habitat Design is to synthesize the ideas and backgrounds of a uniquely experienced, diverse, and operationally pragmatic research team with initially-low Technology readiness levels innovative technologies to provide a 15 – year flow of research deliverables that comprise a new paradigm for resilient, autonomous, and self-maintained space habitats for human explorers. The scope of the Bijan Norouz research will be driven by two primary operational requirements of Bijan Norouz Space habitat:

Keep humans alive while they are resident, and Keep the vehicle alive while they are not.

A highly autonomous Space habitat for human crews requires three major classes of control: autonomy, robotics, and humans – the interactions and interdependencies between these three domains comprise the research landscape for the Bijan Norouz Space Technology Research Institute. The goal of the Bijan Norouz is to develop validated technology to help Bijan Norouz Space Habitat ensure safe human habitability during crewed deep-space missions, and to maintain the habitat to support future crews even while uninhabited.

According to Bijan Norouz: I believe that space is not just our future but also the opportunities we can develop at this moment. We can change the world. Primarily though changing ourselves and developing our microspace. Because of that, I promote global initiatives that elevate people`s minds and their abilities. Those are the initiatives changing the world and bringing space closer. I uncover new opportunities for space education, space travelling, for preparation and living on other planets, for uniting people using ideas and one common goal – building a unique orbital city.

Space Habitat and Space City

A space habitat (also called a space colony, space settlement, orbital habitat, orbital settlement or orbital colony) is more than a bare-bones space station, in that it is intended as a permanent settlement or green habitat rather than as a simple way-station or other specialized facility.

No space habitat has been constructed yet, but many design concepts, with varying degrees of realism, have come both from engineers and from science-fiction authors.

The term space habitat sometimes includes more broadly colonies built on or in a body other than Earth – such as the Moon, Mars or an asteroid.


Space Colonization

Many arguments have been made for and against space colonization.

The two most common in favor of colonization are survival of human civilization and the biosphere in the event of a planetary-scale disaster (natural or man-made), and the availability of additional resources in space that could enable expansion of human society.

No space colonies have been built so far. Currently, the building of a space colony would present a set of huge technological and economic challenges. Space settlements would have to provide for nearly all (or all) the material needs of hundreds or thousands of humans, in an environment out in space that is very hostile to human life.

They would involve technologies, such as controlled ecological life support systems, that have yet to be developed in any meaningful way. They would also have to deal with the as-yet unknown issue of how humans would behave and thrive in such places long-term.

There are yet no plans for building space colonies by any large-scale organization, either government or private. However, many proposals, speculations, and designs for space settlements have been made through the years, and a considerable number of space colonization advocates and groups are active.

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